Mrs Hall was not going to share her son with anyone else - even his father and his brother. This is such a specific inscription that it is a shame I haven't been able to find out any more details. This records: "28 June Raids on German trenches". These raids were carried out in daylight, in unaccustomed and very difficult circumstances, and in the face of very determined opposition. In spite of these obstacles the results aimed at were successfully obtained and great damage and loss inflicted on the enemy.
The gallantry, devotion, and resolution shown by all ranks was beyond praise, and the Major-General Commanding is proud to be able to congratulate the West Lancashire Division on the discipline and soldierly spirit exhibited - a discipline and spirit which most seasoned troops could not have surpassed. When the opportunity comes of avenging their deaths the Major-General Commanding is confident that the Division will not forget them. He joined the army soon after the outbreak of war and was in France in on 6 June He was the son of the late Rev.
Robert Stephenson, who for over 30 years was vicar of St Jame's, Birkdale. He possessed marked ability as a pianist and frequently gave classical recitals at Southport.
Kenneth Ian Somerville was a student at Toronto University when the war broke out. On 15 March the battalion conducted a raid on the German trenches.
HE DIED FOR ENGLAND
Somerville, another officer and four soldiers were killed in the action. Somerville was in fact originally badly wounded in the face. This blinded him. His was being taken back to the front line when he was caught in an enemy barrage and wounded a second time, this time in the left thigh. He was taken to a Casualty Clearing Station but failed to survive an operation the following day.
All this is documented on the Veterans Affairs Canada site on which there is also a letter his father, Charles Ross Somerville, wrote to a niece: "My poor Kenneth was killed in France on the 16th March.
Lockhart, W. S. A. (William Stephen Alexander) [WorldCat Identities]
I should have sent you word sooner but have been all broken up it is such a shock. After about 2 years in the fighting line I had hoped that he would have come through - but it was not God's purpose for my dear boy. Where did he get this idea from? He outlined his Fourteen Points, setting out what could be the terms on which to base peace.
Wilson spelt out how behind everything he proposed was the principle of justice, people's "right to live on equal terms of liberty and safety with one another, whether they be strong or weak".
Ramparts of Empire
He pledged the people of the United States to maintain this principle, "the moral climax of this, the culminating and final war for human liberty". Robert Emerson was 21 when he was killed in action on the 2 September in the capture of the Drocourt-Queant Line. Wounded twice, once in the face and once in the arm, he also spent some time in hospital with Scarlet Fever in June His elder brother Warren, who had been badly gassed, returned to Canada to recuperate and was about to be sent back again when the war ended. A younger brother, Frederick, wounded at Passchendaele, had his leg amputated and another brother, Minard, died of influenza.
What gave his father, who chose his inscription, the idea that his son had died to uphold world civilization? It would have been the Allied Victory Medal awarded to all the combatants of every Allied nation with the same agreed wording in the various different languages on the reverse - 'The Great War for Civilisation'. Warren Nickerson and his wife, Jacobine, called their son, born in , Robert Emerson Drocourt Emerson, Warren's brother's names with the addition of the location where he had been killed.
He qualified as a pilot and was killed over Cheshire flying a Hurricane which crashed due to a leak of glycol. He was buried there, with other members of Battalion by a Padre and a cross, a very nice one, was erected. He was a fine little chap. The ground was held. Eye-witness: -No Description:- Dark, thin face, grey eyes, medium height. Home address:- Informant: Byrne. Rannard was giving orders whilst a barrage was on, "I saw him killed by a piece of shrapnel, back of neck, instantly fell back dead in my arms".
Rannard's inscription is very much influenced by propaganda: recruiting posters such as - "Take up the Sword of Justice" - and the memorial plaque given to the next-of-kin of all the dead which states that whoever received it had died for 'freedom and honour' , together with numerous pleas in posters and the press for Australians to fight for their King and the Empire.
ISBN 13: 9780957015401
Richard Rannard was born in Australia and enlisted as a private in September As the centenary draws to an end, I thought it would be interesting to see what some next-of-kin gave as the cause for which they believed their family members had died. Yesterday's casualty, Thomas Scott Brodie, gave his life for the Empire. Ralph Harwood, who served with the 3rd Battalion Australian Infantry and was killed in action in Gallipoli on 30 November , 'died for England'. The son of Ralph Harwood and his wife Mary Frances Buckley, Ralph jnr was born in Liverpool, England and emigrated with his parents to Australia in when he was two.
He enlisted in May when he was 18 and 9 months and embarked for Egypt two months later. He was killed a month before the Allied forces were withdrawn from the peninsula. His mother chose his inscription and filled in the circular for the Roll of Honour of Australia. One of the tragic aspects of John Buckley VC's life is that although he was married three times and fathered eight children, two of his wives died and all eight of his children, some from disease and some killed during the rebellion.
Thomas Newton John Buckley also served in the Royal Engineers but it looks very much from this forum as though he was a deserter. The things you find out. Thomas Scott Brodie was a volunteer - 'his life for the Empire he willingly gave'. On 2 September they landed at Suvla Bay and after three months were evacuated to Egypt on 28 December.
This served in Salonika until June when it was posted to France. Brodie was killed in action on 17 October in the crossing of the River Selle. Marie Brodie chose her son's inscription because her husband was dead. It is a variation of an In Memoriam verse that appeared in various forms in the local newspapers during the war. This is one version: "Somewhere in France", a brave heart beats no more, He has finished his bit, and the tumult is o'er; In the garb of his King, with his feet to the foe, "Somewhere in France," how calmly he sleeps.
Blow softly O south winds blow soft o'er his grave, His life for the Empire he willingly gave, And sweetly he rests with the heroes of God. Here is another: Far away from his home and his loved ones, Laid to rest in that far away land; Never more shall are eyes here behold him, Never more will we clasp his dear hand. Somewhere in France, how calmly he sleeps, While the songbird her singing all the day keeps; Blow softly O south winds, blow softly o'er his grave, His life for the Empire he willingly gave.
The south wind is traditionally the wind that brings comfort, refreshment and quietness. His medal card doesn't indicate when he joined the cyclist battalion but it was formed in February Initially used exclusively for home coastal defence, eventually small groups of cyclists were transferred to the Western Front where by late they had become useful for reconnaissance work. The trench warfare was over; it was now a war of movement and bicycles had become an important means of transport. They were silent, fast and light, the latter meaning that they could be carried over difficult terrain.
Bicycles were in effect a form of calvary whose 'steeds' were not so expensive to maintain. Nowell Cooper was the middle of his parents three children. Father was a railway accountant's clerk and the family lived in Dinas Powis in Glamorganshire. It was his father who signed for this very touching inscription - Dear lad, good bye. It was all so simple once - Britain and her allies were in the right and Germany and the Central Powers were in the wrong. And in the end right had triumphed over wrong as she should.
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The wife of a coachman, in she, her husband and six children lived in Pitlochry. James had served with the 8th Battalion the Black Watch. There is no date of entry into a theatre of war on his medal index card and he was not entitled to a Star so he was probably not a volunteer. He was killed on 14 October when the battalion attacked towards Winkel-St Eloi. The attack began at B and C companies were ordered to assist and Mogg Farm was cleared.
It had been discovered with three other members of the 8th battalion at map reference F26a. McIntosh had been a casualty of the hold up' at Mogg Farm. It was 28 days before the end of the war. He is said to have been the son of William McMahon but I have not been able to identify either William or James in any of the censuses. James McMahon was a volunteer. He first entered a theatre of war, France, on 22 October serving originally with the Northumberland Fusiliers and then with the York and Lancaster Regiment.
He was killed on 13 October in the crossing of the River Selle, east of Cambrai, which had fallen on the 8th. Whoever Miss N McMahon was she knew her history. Her 'eternal Flanders' is often known as 'the cockpit of Europe', the battleground of numerous campaigns throughout history. McMahon was killed less that 15 miles from Ramillies and Malplaquet, the sites of the Duke of Marlborough's famous victories of and Agincourt, Crecy and Waterloo were themselves only just over 70 miles away.
McMahon joined the long line of Englishmen killed in the struggle to keep a strong power out of the Low Countries whether that power was France, Spain or Germany. Yesterday's casualty died a month later than today's but it took five years for the War Graves Commission to ask Private O'Neill's parents for an inscription as opposed to one year for Private Milner's. Constructing the cemeteries took many years, combing the battlefields, exhuming bodies where necessary, reburying them, acquiring the land, designing the cemeteries - there was no standard style - communicating with the next of kin.