D1 Abelam. D2 Asmat. Human bone. D3 Iatmul. D4 Abelam. D5 Abelam. Probably collected by August Berard as officer on the Coquille , Inv. D6 Abelam. D7 Iatmul. D8 Abelam. D9 Abelam. D10 Abelam. D11 Boiken. D12 Asmat. Crocodile jaw bone. Gert Lambregts; W. D13 Asmat. D14 Iatmul. Ratisbonne 33,8 cm. D15 Abelam.
Arm band ornament. D16 Unidentified. D17 Iatmul. D18 Iatmul.
D19 Asmat. D20 Iatmul. D21 Abelam. D22 Swagup. D23 Abelam. A common thread which ties them together is the presence of Molinari. The Seven Musketeers did not hold the same views on every topic as one might expect from such independent and original thinkers. Bastiat and Molinari seem to provide the axes around which opinion was commonly split. Molinari divided the group into those who supported his radical ideas on the private provision of police and defense services and those who did not he stood alone on this issue as the debates in the Political Economy Society indicate.
There was one event which did bring the Seven closer together both ideologically and politically, and that was the February Revolution which overthrew the July Monarchy and replaced it with the Second Republic.
All Seven of the Musketeers participated vigorously in these activities in but differences over the crackdown on protests by the army in mid and subsequently led to Castille leaving the movement and joining more radical republican groups. They were all active in lobby groups designed to advance the cause of liberty by putting pressure on the government from the outside, such as the Free Trade Association or the Friends of Peace.
They were also activists who were prepared to get out into the streets of Paris during during the Revolution in order to reach out to the ordinary people who were rioting in the streets in February and June, or in the case of Bastiat to get elected to the Chamber of Deputies and attempt reform from within the government. This shows that they believed that their ideas depended upon four quite different strategies in order to develop and to spread: intellectual research and publication, single issue lobbying efforts, political activism on the streets and in the Chamber, and the popularization of economic ideas.
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Unfortunately, this closely knit group could not continue forever. They were broken up and forced to disperse for a number of reasons. Firstly, there were three deaths which shocked the group with their suddenness, especially Molinari. Second, there was the inevitable straying form the liberal path. Castille drifted away into the Jacobin republican camp sometime in mid Thirdly, with the political reaction and censorship which followed in the wake of the coming to power of Louis Napoleon, first as President and then as Emperor Napoleon III, Molinari chose to leave Paris and take up residence in his native Belgium which had avoided revolution in and still retained a relatively free press where radicals like Molinari could continue their work unmolested by the government.
Thus by the Seven Musketeers had been reduced to a lonely two who were left in Paris, Guillaumin and Garnier.
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Molinari was to return to Paris in , but that is another chapter in this story. Garnier remained at the centre of the political economy movement as editor of the JDE from until his death in at the age of He was replaced by a newly invigorated Molinari who edited the JDE for another 28 years before he retired due to ill health in November at the age of During this period Molinari published another two dozen books, making this period one of the most productive in his long life.
New Rochelle, N. Irvington-on-Hudson, N. Les Contemporains. Paris: Gustave Havard, October , pp. Quote comes from p. Tissot Paris: Perrotin, Guillaumin, Bigot, Castille writing a short book about him, Bastiat successfully getting him to join the Free Trade Association, both Molinari and Bastiat quoting his verse quite frequently in their economic writings, and he was elected alongside Bastiat to the Constituent Assembly in April Paris: Guillaumin: Galerie de la Bourse, no.
Victor Hugo, Cobden, Henry Vincent, etc.
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M Molinari. Joseph Garnier. Dussard, J. Garnier, M. Monjean, H. Paris: Guillaumin, , 15 vols. Essai sur le principe de population, par Malthus, traduit de l'anglais par MM. Rossi, et d'une notice sur la vie et les ouvrages de l'auteur, par Charles Comte, avec les notes des traducteurs, et de nouvelles notes par M. Lavoisier et Lagrange, De la richesse territoriale du royaume de France. Franklin, La science du bonhomme Richard, et autres opuscules. Paris: Guillaumin et Cie: Galerie de la Bourse, no. Charlet, A. See Molinari CR Bastiat letters, p. Letter to Mme Marsan, 27 February , p.
Quote pp. Octobre , pp. Quote p. Et une Notice Biographique par M. Septembre et Octobre , pp. Septembre et Octobre Quote from p. Gustave de Molinari, pp. Marrast, Proudhon, Louis Blanc, Ed. Bastiat, de Parieu, et une introduction et des notes par M. Also in Bastiat, Collected Works , vol. Quote, p. Quote on pp. It appeared from 26 February to 28 March in 30 issues. There were 2 editions of the 1st issue one page only and 2 editions of the second issue of two pages. Edited by Mme Cheuvreux.
Paris: A. Quantin, It was probably written collaboratively by Bastiat, Molinari, and Castille. Translation by David M. Le Chevalier, The editor was named as J. The first issue was a single page only on "papier rose" pink paper , designed to be posted on the wall. Quotes about Bastiat on p. Tome second.
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Proudhon et M. Thiers, par M. Molinari, pp. In later editions a shorter version of this note appeared. The job of editor, the producer of books, is one of the most delicate which could be undertaken: one must know how to appreciate the intrinsic qualities of the manuscripts and the works which are proposed, the costs of manufacturing and publicising them, the chances of making a sale, that is to say one has to know the nature and the extent of the book market.
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